What is Karana ?
There are five limbs of Hindu Panchangam, They are Day,Tithi, Nakshatra ,Yoga and Karana. The fifth limb of the panchang is Karana. Total 11 karanas are in panchangam. They are Bava , Baalav, Koulav, Taitil, Gar, Vanij , Visht, Shakuni, Chatushpad, Naag and Kinstughna. Among them the first 7 karanas are known as char or variable and the rest fours are known as Sthir, which means constant.